نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه فلسفه کلام و عرفان اسلامی دانشگاه پیام نور ،تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Transcendent Theosophy (Alhikmah Al-muta'liyah) is the result of the tireless efforts of Mulla Sadra (1050-979 AH), who was able to extract a brilliant gem from the innermost of two philosophical currents, the verses and words of the divine saints and Ibn Arabi's mysticism, and projected a rare wisdom from their hearts. The dynamics of this method, in an evolutionary process, finally led to Mulla Hadi Sabzevari (1212-1289 AH), the founder of a philosophical movement, based on the original principles of Sadra's wisdom and the initiator of a new method containing some innovative philosophical rules, grasped by his paying attention to his thought leader (Mulla Sadra)'s works, especially al-Asfar al-Arba'ah (Four Journeys), Souhravardi's al-Hikmah al-Ishraq, especially Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi's commentary on it, Ibn Sina's Isharat, especially Nasir al-Din al-Tusi's commentary on it, Mulla Abd al-Razzaq's Shawareq al-Ilham, and Ibn Arabi's Fusus al-Hikam. Sabzevari's philosophical works led to originating a new philosophical school, called the Sabzevari philosophical school. With descriptive and analytical method, this article tries to explain some of the Sabzevari philosophical school innovations.