Explanatory Defense of Theism: A Study of Richard Swinburne’s Viewpoint

Document Type : Research Paper


Associate Professor, University of Tehran


Explanatory defense of theism is a method based on "inference to the best explanation", and probability that Swinburne defends. In this method, monotheistic theism, as a hypothesis, competes with other competing hypotheses, such as materialism, humanism, and non-monotheistic theism. This competition is in the form of inference to the best. In this article, we examine Swinburne's method by stating the main elements of his view. We have come to the conclusion that Swinburne's quantitate method in defense of theism, the use of challengeable premises, and non-adjutancy of causal explanation are among the most important challenges to which his view is faced.



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