Document Type : Research Paper
PhD student in Transcendent Wisdom, University of Isfahan
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Theology, University of Isfahan,
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Theology, University of Isfahan
According to Sheikh Ahmad Ehsaei, all mundane creatures are composed of matter and form. The matter is the fundamental part of all physical beings and the cause of their individuation such that the lack of matter leads to their destruction. Although the occurrence of form on matter removes its ambiguity, it is dependent on matter in its realization. Sheikh argues that the cause of restoration of souls and bodies is the same, and, based on shariah and reason, full evanescence of creatures is impossible. Therefore, physical resurrection is realized with matter and in the process of substantial movement. This movement does not arise from the essence of an object; instead, it is achieved through God's agency. The world of hurqalya plays an essential role in explaining the Sheikh's point of view, who considers man to have two bodies and two corpses. In addition, hurqalya is the intermediate between this world and the hereafter. Sheikh, furthermore, assumes the main components of the human body belong to this mundane world.