A Critical Examination of Swinburne’s Teleological Theodicy Concerning the Problem of Evil

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor in Philosophy of Religion at University of Tehran


The existence of different kinds of evil in the world has always been taken to criticize the rationality of theism by atheists. The Swinburne’s teleological theodicy is a significant response to the problem of evil among theists’ different answers. In his theodicy, Swinburne contends that his theodicy may answer the problem of moral evil besides answering the problem of natural evil. The purpose of this paper is, first, to explain the Swinburne’s teleological theodicy and analyze it according to his works and, second, assess his teleological theodicy. It will be shown that his theodicy is confronted with the various criticisms.